incumbent
[ in-kuhm-buhnt ]
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Part of Speech adjective, noun
Origin + Etymology
from Anglo-Latin incumbens, incumbent-, from Latin incumbere ‘lie or lean on’, from in- ‘upon’ + a verb related to cubare ‘lie’
Synonyms
adjective
  • binding
  • obligatory
  • mandatory
  • necessary
  • compulsory
noun
  • binding
  • holder
  • bearer
  • occupant
  • office-holder
  • officer
Antonyms
noun
  • unnecessary
Definition
adjective
necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility
noun
the holder of an office or post
Examples
adjective
The group on stage was the incumbent officers of the team.
noun
Gloria is our incumbent spokeswoman.
Usage Over Time

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